The line is part of Amtrak's Wolverine and Blue Water passenger rail services between Kalamazoo and Dearborn. After ownership transfers to MDOT, the line also will continue to provide freight rail services to major Michigan companies.
Although it will have no immediate effect on the traveling passenger, transfer of title to the line is one step in a multi-step process that will pave the way for track improvements designed to accommodate passenger train speeds up to 110 mph. This will knock about 30 minutes off the travel time between Detroit and Chicago, reducing the overall trip time between the two cities to about five hours.
Once the transition to MDOT ownership is final, which is expected to occur by spring 2013, Amtrak will handle upcoming track and crossing upgrades that must be in place before accelerated passenger service can go into effect. Expected to take two to four years to complete, the upgrades will include new, continuously welded rail and ties, improvements to grade crossings, fiber-optic lines for train and signal control systems and gates and flashers at grade crossings. NS will retain an exclusive freight easement to preserve and grow its freight business.
The $140 million used to purchase the line included FRA High-speed Intercity Passenger Rail Program grant funds, plus a state match of $37.5 million.
The FRA also awarded $196.5 million to MDOT for the major track and signal improvements on this corridor.