"For the last two years, not a dime has flowed," said Norman Schneider, executive director of Railroads of New York.
On March 17, railroad executives met with legislators and state transportation officials to seek more financial support. They touted railroads' energy efficiency -- one gallon of fuel can move a ton of freight 435 miles -- and their role in manufacturing.
Schneider said other states
are marketing their rail connections to manufacturers, something that could
hurt New York's effort to compete for jobs.
Meanwhile, the number of people in the state's department of transportation devoted to rail issues has fallen from 200 in the late 1970s to fewer than 50 currently, Schneider said.
While major railroads such as CSX Transportation, Norfolk Southern and CP Rail have upgraded tracks and bridges, the state's short-haul railroads haven't kept up and may not be able to handle the heavier railcars coming into use. They're barely profitable, covering operating expenses but unable to make the heavy capital investments required to upgrade tracks and bridges, Schneider said.
Historically high property
taxes also led railroads to pull up tracks that weren't being used. Tax changes
enacted about seven years ago provided some relief, but the capacity
constraints continue, and congestion is a growing problem along such routes as
CSXT's main line between Schenectady and Buffalo, where dozens of freight
trains and at least eight Amtrak passenger trains share the tracks each day.
Meanwhile, freight railroads are beginning to capture more freight. Railex USA, for example, now moves produce in dedicated unit trains that travel from California and Washington State four times a week to a distribution center in Rotterdam.
And tanker trains carrying ethanol move from the Great Plains and Midwest to the Port of Albany on a regular basis, where it is loaded into barges to be shipped to gasoline refineries along the East Coast.
Schneider reported a positive reaction from officials March 17, including acting Transportation Commissioner Stanley Gee. But, Schneider added, getting the necessary funding won't be easy given the state's own precarious finances.