The new safety regulatory authority in MAP-21(Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century), the new two-year transportation authorization signed into law by President Obama on July 6, is the culmination of a concerted effort by the Federal Transit Administration (FTA) and the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) that began in December 2009, when Secretary LaHood formally transmitted to Congress a legislative proposal to establish and enforce minimum federal safety standards for rail transit systems. Many of the safety provisions included in MAP-21, which take effect on October 1, 2012, are reflected in the administration's proposal.
"Safety is our highest priority, and I am enormously pleased that we now have the authority to impose strong safety regulations that are long overdue," said U.S. Transportation Deputy Secretary John Porcari.
"This is an important win for the safety of tens of millions of Americans who use transit each day and for the well-being of transit workers on the front lines as conductors and track inspectors," said Administrator Rogoff. "I'm deeply gratified that for the first time, we are ushering in an era where in every state and transit agency safety will be a real priority."
MAP-21 requires, among other things, that FTA define and establish a State Safety Oversight program to ensure that rail transit systems are meeting stringent safety requirements. FTA will implement the new law in consultation with the transit community and the DOT Transit Rail Advisory Committee for Safety, which has been working since September of 2010 to help guide this effort.
Under current law, FTA, which finances nearly half of the capital expenditures for transit systems nationwide, is not authorized to issue basic safety standards to protect rail transit passengers and rail workers. The result, according to the FTA, is a patchwork of state laws that do not provide seamless or consistent safety coverage. The transit safety provisions in MAP-21 will help to remedy these long-standing shortcomings.