For all intents and purposes, California’s high-speed rail project is dead. At least that’s the consensus among several observers of the U.S. high-speed rail scene, which, sadly, appears to be based more upon fantasy than reality.
The irony is that the California High-Speed Rail Authority itself, aided and abetted by the State’s governor, appears to be the project’s primary demolition expert.
On Feb. 19, one week after California’s Democratic Governor, Gavin Newsom, announced that the State would build only the 119-mile Central Valley portion of the HSR system, the Federal Railroad Administration issued a Notice of Intent to Terminate Cooperative Agreement No. FR-HSR-0118-12-01-0 1, and de-obligate nearly $1 billion in funding, effective March 5. FRA also said it is “actively exploring every legal option to seek the return from California of $2.5 billion in Federal funds FRA previously granted for this now-defunct project.”
In a letter to CHSRA CEO Brian P. Kelly signed by Federal Railroad Administrator Ron Batory, the FRA cited the Authority’s failure to comply with the terms of the funding agreement and to make “reasonable progress” on the project, whose costs have more-than doubled from initial projections, from $32 billion to $70 billion.
The controversy over the project has escalated beyond the FRA to envelop the White House as well as the Statehouse in Sacramento. One day after Gov. Newsom announced the curtailment plans, President Donald Trump, using Twitter, his preferred means of communication, demanded that the federal funds the USDOT has already disbursed be reimbursed :
“California has been forced to cancel the massive bullet train project after having spent and wasted many billions of dollars. They owe the Federal Government three and a half billion dollars. We want that money back now. Whole project is a ‘green’ disaster!”
Newsom almost immediately responded, tweeting that the President’s post was “fake news.” “This is CA’s money, allocated by Congress for this project. We’re not giving it back,” he tweeted.
Following is the full text of the FRA letter:
“This letter provides notice to the California High-Speed Rail Authority (CHSRA) that the Federal Railroad Administration (FRA) intends to terminate Cooperative Agreement No. FRHSR-0118-12-01-01 (Agreement) effective March 5, 2019. Following termination, FRA also intends to promptly de-obligate the full $928,620,000 obligated under the Agreement.
“FRA has determined that CHSRA has materially failed to comply with the terms of the Agreement and has failed to make reasonable progress on the Project (as defined in the Agreement), significantly endangering substantial performance. Considering this determination, FRA intends to exercise its right to terminate the Agreement, consistent with Section 23 of the Agreement.* FRA’s determination is based on many factors, including CHSRA’s failures relating to required State expenditures necessary to advance the Project according to the Project’s schedule. CHSRA has failed to achieve the State contribution rates described in its quarterly Funding Contribution Plan (FCP). For example, CHSRA committed to a $141.8 million State contribution to advance final design and construction activities in December 2018, but reported only $47.9 million of actual expenditures in that month. This almost $100 million difference shows not only CHSRA’s inability to deliver State contributions as outlined in the FCP, it is also an example of CHSRA’s failure to advance construction work and expend funds at a pace necessary to complete the Project according to its schedule. Other months show the same shortfall of expenditures as compared to the State contribution commitment.
“Based on CHSRA Board of Directors reports, FRA has determined that CHSRA will not complete the Project by 2022, the end of the Agreement’s period of performance. FRA’s evaluation of the various documents submitted to FRA, or publicly available (e.g., CHSRA’s 4th Quarter 2018 Summary Schedule and CHSRA’s February 2019 Finance and Audit Committee reports) shows CHSRA cannot complete the Project by 2022. When compared against the amount of funds expended, the pending contractual completion dates show CHSRA is failing to make the type of sustained progress necessary to meet the 2022 deadline. For example, according to CHSRA’s February 2019 Finance and Audit Committee report on Construction Package (CP) 4, the contractor has expended 25.1 % of the contract price but approximately 86.5% of contract’s period of performance has elapsed, demonstrating that CHSRA is not advancing construction work at the pace necessary to maintain the Project’s schedule. Numerous prior quarterly reports reflect the same failure to expend contract dollars consistent with the contract period of performance.
“CHSRA’s failure to submit required critical grant deliverables adequate to demonstrate CHSRA is effectively managing delivery of the Project. Such deliverables include Funding Contribution Plans. CHSRA has failed to provide FRA with timely and satisfactory financial reports and other related deliverables. Without these deliverables, CHSRA has not demonstrated that it is making reasonable progress or effectively managing the Project. For example, since 2016, FRA has found over 40 reports and deliverables are delinquent or do not contain the type of information or level of detail necessary to allow FRA to oversee CHSRA’s performance of the Project; this represents a very large portion of the reports and deliverables due over that timeframe. A portion of these delinquent or unsatisfactory deliverables are also required by Cooperative Agreement No. FR-HSR-0009-10-01-06; however, they generally show CHSRA’s repeated failure to meet its obligations to FRA.
“Based on findings from FRA’s oversight and monitoring, CHSRA has failed to take the appropriate corrective actions to ensure delivery of the Project. FRA has regularly communicated its concerns on the above issues to CHSRA through: routine monitoring with CHSRA staff; individual meetings with CHSRA leadership; Quarterly Executive Meetings; and feedback on the Authority’s reports and deliverables as part of FRA’s routine business practice. CHSRA has consistently failed to take the appropriate corrective actions. FRA identified areas of interest in the 2017 annual monitoring (e.g., failure to develop and submit to FRA realistic Project schedules and budgets based on past performance and trends). During its most recent November 2018 monitoring, FRA found that CHSRA failed to satisfactorily address those areas of interest.
“Reinforcing FRA’s concerns about CHSRA’s past performance, and the likelihood CHSRA will deliver on its obligations, is the significant change in the State of California’s plans for its high-speed rail system. As described in the Agreement and in the various CHSRA applications for Federal financial assistance, the Project is a component part of the larger high-speed rail system that would, ultimately, connect San Francisco in the north and Los Angeles and Anaheim in the south. During his recent State-of-the-State address, Governor Newsom presented a new proposal that represents a significant retreat from the State’s initial vision and commitment and frustrates the purpose for which Federal funding was awarded (i.e., an initial investment in the larger high-speed rail system).
“If you believe there is information showing that: (1) CHSRA has satisfied its commitments and obligations under the Agreement; (2) is making reasonable progress to deliver the Project; and (3) that the Governor’s announcement does not constitute a fundamental change in the purpose of the overall project for which Federal funding was awarded, FRA will take that information into consideration prior to taking any final action regarding termination of the Agreement.
“You may submit any such information before March 5, 2019, to Ms. Jamie Rennert, FRA’s Director of Program Delivery. FRA reserves its rights under all other grant or cooperative agreements with CHSRA and is exploring all available legal options, including termination of Cooperative Agreement No. FRHSR-0009-10-01-06 and the recovery of the Federal funds expended under that Cooperative Agreement.
*Section 22902(a) of Title 49 (Previously codified at 24402(a) of Title 49) authorizes the Secretary of Transportation to require terms, conditions, and other requirements that the Secretary deems necessary or appropriate on grants awarded under Section 30 I of the Passenger Rail Investment and Improvement Act of 2008, which is one of the authorized programs included in the High-Speed Intercity Passenger Rail grant program. Additionally, 49 eFR § 18.43(a), provides the general authority for Federal awarding agencies to terminate awards if the grantee “materially fails to comply with any term of [the] award, whether stated in a Federal statute or regulations, an assurance, a notice of award, or anywhere else.”