"Safety is our highest priority," said U.S. Transportation Secretary Ray LaHood. "The sooner railroads can be made aware of potentially unsafe conditions, the faster they can respond to ensure the safety of everyone driving over or walking across highway-rail crossings."
Under the final rule published in today's Federal Register, railroads must establish Emergency Notification Systems (ENS) by installing clear and readable signs with toll-free telephone numbers at crossings so the public can report unsafe situations and for railroads to respond to malfunctioning warning signals, vehicles stalled on the tracks or other emergency situations. Depending on a railroad's operating characteristics, calls may be received through a 24-hour call center or, for smaller railroads, through an automated answering system or third-party telephone service.
"The signs will help reduce the risk of certain highway-rail crossing collisions," said Federal Railroad Administrator Joseph C. Szabo. "They will tell the public who to contact if they come upon a vehicle stalled on the tracks, or see problems involving flashing lights and gates."
Upon receiving a call, the dispatching railroad is required to contact all trains authorized to operate through the crossing, inform local law enforcement to assist in directing traffic, investigate the report or request that the railroad with maintenance responsibility for the crossing to investigate the report. If the report is substantiated, the railroad is required to take certain actions to remedy the unsafe condition.
Based upon comments received in response to its proposed rule, railroads without an existing ENS will have until July 2015 to establish one. Railroads that currently have an ENS in place may be able to retain existing signs, or will have until July 2015 or July 2017 to replace signs depending upon several factors. FRA's regulatory impact analysis for the final rule found the total cost will be $15.6 million, which is expected to be off-set by estimated accident and casualty reduction benefits of $57.8 million over a 15-year period.