Gary Neal of the Port of Morrow soon plans to begin spending nearly $10 million to build a main line rail siding and a container rail yard involving nearly 3.5 miles of track. He plans to pay for 80 percent of the project with a $7.9-million grant from the Oregon Department of Transportation's Connect Oregon II program.
Neal's plan is sending containers via rail to Washington State's deep-water ports, where they can be put on ocean-going ships. He also envisions a route for more containers of garbage to come to Morrow County.
Kim Puzey of the Port of Umatilla is looking to the federal government for some help to put together a short-sea shipping project. It would involve putting containers on barges and sending them down the Columbia River and up the Washington coast to Puget Sound. He believes using the "marine highway" will be cheaper and more environmentally conscious than using the railroad or the highway.
"The cleanest and most fuel efficient method is water, and that's what is driving the Port of Umatilla," Puzey said.
It could cost as much as $50 million or as little as $31 million, depending upon the approach. If using the crane to load and unload barges, the port needs to extend its crane to accommodate the larger ocean-going barges and to extend its bulkhead 400 feet to accommodate a second barge. That would cost about $20 million. But if that plan doesn't float, Puzey said the port could get by with about $31 million, which would pay for a couple of ramps and a couple of motorized lift trucks that would drive containers onto and off of the barges.
In either case, $30 million would be spread over three years providing subsidies to shippers who don't use trucks, encouraging them to barge their containers. Puzey, who's been the port's general manager since 1994, envisions offering $8 million in subsidies the first year, $10 million the second year and $12 million the third year.
To pay for the project, the port plans to apply for a Transportation Investment Generating Economic Recovery grant from the U.S. Department of Transportation.
But why not just put containers on barges to the Port of Portland as the two ports have been doing?
"The Port of Portland continues to lose carriers," said Puzey, adding that just two trans-Pacific container lines call at Portland today, down from a dozen just a dozen years ago.
Puzey too is trying to develop improved access to deep-water ports because Umatilla County's largest importer, Walmart, and the county's largest exporter, COLO Logistics, don't use the Port of Portland. Walmart trucks imported products to its Hermiston Distribution Center from the Port of Long Beach, Calif., Puzey said. And COLO, a subsidiary of James Farrell & Co. of Seattle, isn't shipping through Portland.
Neal says the Port of Morrow has the same intent.
"Our goal is to make our facilities available so our industries and our shippers can get their products to market," he said, "not just international, but domestic as well. Rail may be more cost-effective for long-distance shipping."
That's a new way of thinking at the Port of Morrow, which traditionally has sent and received containers to and from the Port of Portland via the Columbia River. More and more containers, however, are trucked to Puget Sound, which is a two-day round trip. But that's where the international shippers are, Neal said.
"In the best of times, we only have had 50 percent of our export business out of Portland," Neal said. "There's always some movement to Puget Sound."
It's also an ideal arrangement for Northwest Container and for Union Pacific Railroad, he said. The trains will haul garbage to Boardman and haul processed hay back to Puget Sound, but not in the same containers.
Meanwhile, Union Pacific officials are reviewing the design of the port's proposed track additions. They expect to complete their work in September, said Tom Lange, a Union Pacific spokesman. Neal hopes construction can begin in time to allow the new rail yard to be in use by next summer.
Even the railroad's involvement shows a change of attitude.
"Union Pacific's never been interested in the short haul from here to Puget Sound," he said.
But as the Port of Morrow began receiving more containers of solid waste from Clark County, Wash., destined for the Finley Buttes Landfill, Union Pacific's interest perked up.
Waste Connections, a Vancouver, Wash., firm, owns Finley Buttes Landfill in Morrow County and Northwest Container Services Inc. The company ships garbage to Finley Buttes through the Port of Morrow.
"Northwest Container has a Puget Sound terminal and will carry both types of containers," Neal said, referring to those that carry solid waste and those that carry exports to the Far East. "The company also has a lease to operate the Port of Morrow container terminal," Neal said.