TIFIA 49 increases loan borrowing power significantly for light rail, other projects

Written by RT&S Staff
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More of the project cost will be able to be borrowed under TIFIA 49.
Valley Metro

U.S. Transportation Secretary Pete Buttigieg announced that the U.S. DOT’s Build America Bureau will offer low-cost and flexible financing for transit and Transit-oriented Development (TOD) projects at the maximum level authorized under law.

U.S. DOT’s Transportation Infrastructure Finance and Innovation Act (TIFIA) program is designed to help project sponsors reduce costs and speed the delivery of infrastructure projects, which saves taxpayer dollars and improves transportation in communities. This new initiative, “TIFIA 49,” authorizes borrowing up to 49% of eligible project costs for projects that meet certain eligibility requirements, helping more projects get off the ground. With few exceptions, TIFIA loans have historically been capped at 33% of eligible project costs. 

“There are countless promising transportation projects with the potential to better connect people to housing, jobs, schools, and more—but that never get off the ground because of a lack of financing,” said Buttigieg. “The Department of Transportation has long offered flexible, low-cost financing to help bring some of those ideas to life, and now, with TIFIA 49, we’ll be able to support more of them than ever, and lower costs for taxpayers.” 

“With its significant lending capacity, U.S. DOT can play an integral role in supporting projects that make our transportation system more accessible, resilient, and sustainable,” said Build America Bureau Executive Director Morteza Farajian. “The Bureau team is ready to partner with project sponsors on effective and efficient concepts, provide technical assistance on innovative approaches, and support them through the loan approval process.”   

Sponsors of projects that include the activities listed below would be deemed eligible to apply for loans up to 49% of project costs under the TIFIA 49 initiative: 


  • Projects that are eligible for assistance under Chapter 53 of Title 49, U.S. Code; and
  • Projects that construct or improve public transportation systems, including any capital project or associated improvement eligible for FTA funding, such as infrastructure and vehicles for bus, subway, light rail, commuter rail, trolley, or ferry systems.  

Transit-Oriented Development: 

  • Projects that are eligible for assistance under 23 U.S.C. §601(a)(12)(E); and
  • Joint development projects that involve coordinated improvement of transit infrastructure and non-transit facilities, including commercial and residential projects, that have mutual benefits and shared costs between transit agencies and developers.  

Until now, the only projects eligible for financing of up to 49% included rural projects, as well as INFRA, Mega, and Rural Grant “Extra” projects, which are highly rated projects that were not granted discretionary funds due to limited resources.  

The Bureau will conduct regular data-based assessments of the initiative’s effectiveness through Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) and will make changes as appropriate. In addition to financing, the Bureau also provides technical assistance for project sponsors and plans to expand outreach and technical assistance capabilities to assist project sponsors to take full advantage of this initiative. Learn more about TIFIA 49 here

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